a month

Solar induced dark ages

Display in the new Urfa Museum in Turkey – a depiction of early man hunting. Rising From the Ashes of SIDA By Robert M. Schoch What was the state of humanity before civilization arose? Around the globe there are ancient and indigenous legends of early advanced peoples, civilizations, that existed thousands of years ago (thousands of years prior to the latest flowering of civilization beginning about 5000 to 6000 years ago). The dynastic Egyptians two thousand years prior to Plato spoke of the epoch they referred to as Zep Tepi, or the “first time”, a “golden age” of civilization.

In a sense, both the modern Hobbesian view (that humanity was in a primitive and brutish state prior to the rise of civilization about 5000 to 6000 thousand years ago) and the classical ancient opinion (that advanced civilizations existed thousands of years earlier) may be correct. Thus during the millennia prior to the latest cycle of civilization, beginning circa 5000 to 6000 years ago, humanity was in a primitive stone age state, as the conventional paradigm holds, except that this state was due to a decline from an earlier and more advanced state.

Archaeologist Carol Redmount (University of California, Berkeley) was quoted in the media, “There’s just no way that could be true.” The article continued, “The people of that region would not have had the technology, the governing institutions or even the will to build such a structure thousands of years before Khafre’s reign, she said.” 5 The initial hoopla peaked in February 1992 at a “debate” on the age of the Great Sphinx held at the Chicago meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

6 As the New York Times put it, “The exchange was to last an hour, but it spilled over to a news conference and then a hallway confrontation in which voices were raised and words skated on the icy edge of scientific politeness.” Egyptologist Mark Lehner could not accept the notion of an older Sphinx, personally attacking me by labeling my research “pseudoscience.” Lehner argued, “If the Sphinx was built by an earlier culture, where is the evidence of that civilization?

Two decades later, we have something better than pottery shards, and even earlier than my conservative Sphinx date of circa 5000 BCE to 7000 BCE (I now currently posit, based on additional evidence and a reanalysis of my original data, that the core body of the Great Sphinx dates back to the end of the last ice age; the head was re-carved in dynastic times). Göbekli Tepe dates back over 10,000 years ago. Composite view of Göbekli Tepe (from the southeast looking northwest); photos taken in 2010, before this area of the site was covered with a modern roof.

BETTER THAN POT SHARDS A short drive from Urfa (alternatively Şanlıurfa), Southeastern Turkey, atop a mountain north of the Harran Plain, sits Göbekli Tepe. At Göbekli Tepe immense finely carved and decorated T-shaped limestone pillars, many in the range of two to five and a half meters tall and weighing up to an estimated 10 to 15 tons, stand in Stonehenge-like circles. 9 Various pillars at Göbekli Tepe are decorated with bas-reliefs of animals, including foxes, boars, snakes, aurochs (wild cattle), Asiatic wild asses, wild sheep, birds (cranes, a vulture), a gazelle, and arthropods (scorpion, ants).

This was supposedly the time of the brutish, nomadic, hunters and gatherers who, according to many academics, did not have the technology, governing institutions, or will to build structures such as those found at Göbekli Tepe. As Stanford University archaeologist Ian Hodder commented, Göbekli Tepe is “unbelievably big and amazing, at a ridiculously early date… huge great stones and fantastic, highly refined art… All our theories were wrong.” 11 Like my redating of the Great Sphinx, Göbekli Tepe forces us to reconsider our antiquity. Before Göbekli, humans drew stick figures on cave walls, shaped clay into tiny dolls, and perhaps piled up small stones for shelter or worship.

Even after Göbekli, there is little evidence of sophisticated building.” 12 Göbekli Tepe pillar showing detailed relief carvings; image also shows abutting secondary surrounding walls. A RECORD OF PRECESSION AT GÖBEKLI TEPE A hallmark of civilization is precise scientific observation. I found evidence of precession at Göbekli Tepe, adding another layer of sophistication to this remarkable site. Additional, later and smaller, pillars and structures have been partially uncovered both 20 to 30 meters north and about 80 meters west of the major area of circles, 15 and eighteen or more stone circles still under the earth have been identified.

On the morning of the Vernal Equinox of circa 10,000 BCE, before the Sun rose due east at Göbekli Tepe, the Pleiades, Taurus, and the top of Orion were in view in the direction indicated by the central stones of Enclosure D, with Orion’s belt not far above the horizon (as seen from the best vantage points in the area) as dawn broke. Enclosures D, C, B, and A of Göbekli Tepe, looking slightly southeast towards the horizon (photo take in 2010, before the area was roofed). I suspect that these traditions go back to Göbekli Tepe times, and even earlier.

Central pillar of Enclosure D at Göbekli Tepe, showing anthropomorphic features (arms, hands, animal nestled in the elbow joint, belt with symbols, fox-pelt loincloth); photo taken in 2010. 19 Given such evidence, it is reasonable that the Göbekli Tepe people recognized Orion as a human figure, even as a hunter. The mammal remains found while excavating Göbekli Tepe (including numerous gazelle, aurochs or wild cattle, wild ass, fox, wild sheep/goat species, and boars), as well as the reliefs on the pillars, can be taken to indicate a hunting society.

However, if the fox pelt loincloth does represent the Orion Nebula, this may be a remembrance of a feature that was visible above the horizon circa 12,000 BCE and earlier at Göbekli Tepe, as it no longer appeared above the horizon during the period of 10,000 to 8000 BCE at Göbekli Tepe. Or, it may be that the Göbekli Tepe people knew of this feature from viewing Orion at more southern latitudes, such as in the area of Giza, Egypt, where the Orion Nebula rose above the horizon circa 10,000 to 8000 BCE. GÖBEKLI TEPE, EASTER ISLAND, AND THE PLASMA CONNECTION Easter Island moai with hands to the navel region. In the case of Göbekli Tepe, stone pillars dominate the scene.

Amazingly, both the moai and the anthropomorphic central pillars of Enclosure D at Göbekli Tepe have arms and hands positioned similarly against the body, with hands and fingers extended over the belly and navel region. These stone “houses” of Easter Island are similar to the structures formed by the walls and pillars of Göbekli Tepe. Some might criticize comparisons between Easter Island and Göbekli Tepe not only on the basis that they are on opposite sides of the globe, but are also ostensibly separated by thousands of years (Göbekli Tepe dating from 8000 BCE and before, whereas according to standard chronologies Easter Island was not inhabited until a mere millennium and a half ago).

Even if surviving Easter Island antiquities and structures are from a relatively late period, they may reflect earlier traditions and styles, perhaps brought by settlers from elsewhere, that date back to a time of intense plasma outbursts. Just as I have argued that the Easter Island rongorongo script records plasma events in the ancient skies, so too might certain carved motifs found at Göbekli Tepe. Later stone pillars and enclosures were erected during the early period of turmoil just after the ice age ended, and ultimately the entire site of Göbekli Tepe was artificially buried (perhaps to protect it?)

Enclosure C at Göbekli Tepe, showing (at ground level) the precise positioning of the central pillars into their foundations. A postscript for those considering visiting Göbekli Tepe: The site has changed in recent years. For further discussion of V. Gordon Childe, Plato, Atlantis, and Zep Tepi, see: Robert M. Schoch, Forgotten Civilization: The Role of Solar Outbursts in Our Past and Future , Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions, 2012.

38-55, 291 (2007); Robert M. Schoch with Robert Aquinas McNally, Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations , New York: Harmony Books, 1999; Robert M. Schoch with Robert Aquinas McNally, Voyages of the Pyramid Builders: The True Origins of the Pyramids from Lost Egypt to Ancient America , New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin, 2003; Robert M. Schoch Robert Aquinas McNally, Pyramid Quest: Secrets of the Great Pyramid and the Dawn of Civilization , New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin, 2005; Robert M. Schoch and John Anthony West, “Further Evidence Supporting a Pre-2500 B.C.

Predating Stonehenge by 6,000 years, Turkey’s Stunning Gobekli Tepe Upends the Conventional View of the Rise of Civilization”, Smithsonian , vol. It is based not only on calibrated radiocarbon dates of circa 9000 BCE or earlier on organic remains found in the material used to fill the site (these dates would be later than the actual occupation of the site), but also dates of circa 8000-7500 BCE on pedogenic carbonate coatings and micro-stalactites on wall stones (see Peters and Schmidt, 2004, p. 182 [note 5.]).

The main, and older, portion of Göbekli Tepe under discussion in this article belongs to Schmidt’s Layer III; the younger and smaller pillars and structures belong to Schmidt’s Layer II. In the early 1990s, Dr. Schoch’s geological analyses of the Great Sphinx demonstrated that the statue is thousands of years older than the conventional dating of 2500 BCE, bringing him international fame and recognition.

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