The Real Shadow Universe: An Alternate Cosmological Model, That Doesn't Require Dark Energy, And Big Bang
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This is an alternate descriptive cosmological model, which aims to explain the accelerated expansion of the universe, the existence of the cosmic microwave background, the existence of multiverse, and parallel space time, without relying on the big bang and the dark energy hypothesis.
Part 1: Shadow Dimensions
When light is incident on any material object, say for example a baseball, a shadow is formed. We can observe the shadow by placing a screen in front of the object.
To keep things simple, let us consider a spherical baseball, on which light coming from a source, which is at a very large distance away from the baseball, is incident. This ensures that the light rays which are incident on the baseball are nearly parallel. Now if a plane screen, i.e., a screen with nearly zero curvature, is placed in front of the baseball, we’ll get a shadow of it on the screen, which will be circular in shape.
If we move the screen away from the baseball, the size of shadow will remain nearly the same, as the light rays incident on the baseball were nearly parallel, i.e., a nearly plane wavefront is incident on it. However, there will be a slight increase in the size of the shadow, if the screen in moved further away, as the light rays are not perfectly parallel.
Now, it is also to be noted that the shape of the shadow can be changed by:-
1) Changing the nature of the wavefront incident on it
2) Changing the shape of the material object
3) Changing nature of the screen on which we get the shadow.
For example, if the screen which we used to obtain the shadow of the baseball is concave, then the shadow will no longer be circular.
Nature Of Shadows, And The Shadow Dimension Hypothesis
THE SHADOW DIMENSION HYPOTHESIS:-
\> WHEN LIGHT INTERACTS WITH A MATERIAL OBJECT, IT CREATES AN INFINITE NUMBER OF DIMENSIONS, WHICH WILL HEREAFTER BE ADDRESSED AS SHADOW DIMENSIONS, BEHIND THE MATERIAL OBJECT.
> THE SHADOW DIMENSIONS ARE OF ALL POSSIBLE SHAPES, AS IS ALLOWED BY THE GEOMETRY OF THE MATERIAL OBJECT, AND OF THE SCREEN (REAL, OR IMAGINARY FOR THOUGHT EXPERIMENTS), ON WHICH THE SHADOW OF A PARTICULAR SHADOW DIMENSION CAN BE OBTAINED.
\> THE SCREEN ON WHICH THE SHADOW OF A SHADOW DIMENSION IS OBTAINED WILL HEREAFTER BE CALLED THE SCREEN OF ILLUSION (S.O.I). [IT IS TO BE NOTED THAT THE SHADOW IS JUST AN EXTERNAL MANIFESTATION OF THE SHADOW DIMENSION.]
\> ALL THE SHADOW DIMENSIONS ARE CONTAINED WITHIN A SPACE CALLED THE SHADOW REGION, WHOSE SHAPE AND GEOMETRY IS DETERMINED BY THE GEOMETRY OF THE MATERIAL OBJECT, THE NATURE OF THE WAVEFRONT OF LIGHT INCIDENT ON THE MATERIAL OBJECT, AND THE BOUNDS OF THE SCREEN OF ILLUSION(S) (S.O.Is).
\> FOR A PARTICULAR GEOMETRY OF THE SCREEN OF ILLUSION (S.O.I) WE GET A SHADOW REGION, WHICH IS A SUB-SPACE OF THE GENERAL SHADOW REGION. SUCH A SHADOW REGION WILL HEREAFTER BE CALLED AS THE SUB-SHADOW REGION.
[FOR EXAMPLE IF WE CONSIDER THE SITUATION IN WHICH WE HAVE A THIRD DIMENSIONAL SPHERICAL BASEBALL, ON WHICH A PLANE WAVEFRONT IS INCIDENT, AND THE SCREEN ON WHICH THE SHADOW IS OBTAINED HAS ZERO CURVATURE, I.E., THE SCREEN OF ILLUSIONS IS FLAT, OR HAS ZERO CURVATURE.]
THEN THE SHADOW REGION WHICH WE GET WILL BE CYLINDRICAL IN SHAPE.
ILLUSTRATION OF THE SOME OF THE ABOVE STATED CONCEPTS, AND SOME OTHER CONCEPTS WHICH WILL BE STATED SHORTLY HEREAFTER, ARE STATED BELOW:-
> A CROSS SECTION OF THE SHADOW REGION REPRESENTS A SHADOW DIMENSION, AN UNIVERSE, JUST AS OUR OWN UNIVERSE, WHICH IS A SHADOW DIMENSION CREATED DUE TO THE INTERACTION OF LIGHT RAYS, WHOSE WAVEFRONT IS SPHERICAL, WITH A FOURTH DIMENSIONAL OBJECT, WHOSE FOURTH DIMENSIONAL SHAPE CAN BE DETERMINED BY THE SHAPE OF OUR UNIVERSE.
\> THE SHADOW DIMENSION 'MOVES' WITH THE HELP OF WORMHOLES. EACH SHADOW DIMENSION IS CONNECTED TO AN INFINITE NUMBER OF OTHER SHADOW DIMENSIONS WITHIN THE SHADOW REGION, THROUGH WORMHOLES.
ACTUALLY EACH SHADOW DIMENSION REPRESENTS A SET OF SPACE TIME EVENTS, WHICH ARE CONNECTED TO INFINITE NUMBER OF OTHER SPACE TIME EVENTS, AND A PARTICULAR CHAIN OF THE SPACE TIME EVENTS, CONNECTED BY THE WORMHOLES, REPRESENTS AN UNIQUE UNIVERSE IN MOTION.
THUS THE ACCELERATED EXPANSION OF OUR, OR ANY OTHER UNIVERSE CAN BE EXPLAINED. SEE FIGURE 3, AND FIGURE 4.
THE EXISTENCE OF MULTIVERSE AND PARALLEL SPACE TIME CAN ALSO BE EXPLAINED BASED ON THE ABOVE STATED CONCEPT.
\> JUST AS THE INTERACTION OF LIGHT WITH MATERIAL OBJECTS CREATES SHADOW DIMENSION, LIKE THAT THE DIRECT INTERACTION OF LIGHT WITH SHADOW DIMENSIONS, DESTROYS IT.
WHEN LIGHT INTERACTS WITH A SHADOW DIMENSION, THEN THE SHADOW DIMENSION GETS DILUTED, I.E., THE ENTROPY OF THAT PART OF THE DIMENSION INCREASES RESULTING IN MATTER 'FALLING APART', AND THUS RELEASING ENERGY IN THE FORM OF RADIATION.
IF THE INTENSITY OF LIGHT BECOMES GREATER THAN A PARTICULAR VALUE, THEN THE SHADOW DIMENSION, OR A PART OF IT CAN COMPLETELY VANISH INTO NOTHINGNESS.
AND THIS IS EXACTLY WHAT HAPPENS IN CASE OF OUR UNIVERSE. LIGHT IN FOURTH DIMENSION INTERACTS WITH THE THIRD DIMENSIONAL EDGE OF THE SUB-SHADOW REGION IN WHICH THE CHAIN OF SHADOW DIMENSION OF OUR UNIVERSE IS LOCATED. THIS RESULTS IN THE ENTROPY OF THE EDGE OF OUR UNIVERSE TO INCREASE, AND MATTER ‘FALLING APART’ DUE TO THE DILUTION OF THE SHADOW DIMENSION. AS MATTER FALLS APART, ENERGY IN THE FORM OF RADIATIONS IS EMITTED, WHICH IS PERCEIVED AS THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND.
THIS CAN BE FURTHER VERIFIED BY OBSERVING THE NATURE OF GALAXIES SITUATED AT THE EDGE OF OUR UNIVERSE, WHICH ARE ERRONEOUSLY SUPPOSED TO BE VERY OLD BY THE BIG BANG HYPOTHESIS. ACTUALLY THE AGE OF THE UNIVERSE CALCULATED WITH THE HELP OF THE BIG BANG MODEL IS NOWHERE NEAR IT’S ACTUAL AGE, WHICH IS PROBABLY MUCH MUCH GREATER.
“GN-z11 is a high-redshift galaxy found in the constellation Ursa Major. GN-z11 is currently the oldest and most distant known galaxy in the observable universe. GN-z11 has a spectroscopic redshift of z = 11.09, which corresponds to a proper distance of approximately 32 billion light-years (9.8 billion parsecs).
Compared with the Milky Way galaxy, GN-z11 is 1/25 of the size, has 1% of the mass, and is forming new stars approximately twenty times as fast. With a stellar age estimated at 40 million years, it appears the galaxy formed its stars relatively rapidly. The fact that a galaxy so massive existed so soon after the first stars started to form is a challenge to some current theoretical models of the formation of galaxies.” — Wikipedia.
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