Michael Faraday #10 (Final)
Faraday demonstrated Diamagnetism as a property of all matter
Diamagnetic materials are those which create an induced magnetic field in a direction opposite to an externally applied magnetic field, and are repelled by the applied magnetic field.
Paramagnetic materials behave oppositely and are attracted by an externally applied magnetic field.
Diamagnetic behaviour was first observed in certain materials in 1778. Michael Faraday demonstrated that Diamagnetism was a property exhibited by all substances (in either a diamagnetic or paramagnetic way).
Diamagnetism in materials, induced by very strong modern magnets, can be used to produce levitation.
Hope you enjoyed the series and learnt something along the way, I most certainly did.