Muslims see themselves as more devout than other Muslims in their country. Despite this fact, few see tensions between Muslims who are more religious and those who are less religious as a very big problem. Similarly, few Muslims say tensions between Sunnis and Shias are a very big problem in their country.
Perceived Levels of Devotion - Personal and Societal
Majorities of Muslims in 17 of the 23 countries where the question was asked say the way they live their lives reflects the hadith and sunna (actions and words of the Prophet Muhammad) at least a little.35However, in only five of the countries surveyed do at least half say their lives reflect the hadith and sunna a lot.
The survey also asked Muslims the extent to which most people in their country live in accordance with the hadith and sunna. In many countries surveyed, Muslims are more likely to say their own lives adhere to the hadith and sunna than they are to say the same about Muslims in the broader society. The gap between perceptions of themselves and their fellow Muslims is especially wide in the Middle East and North Africa. For example, in Lebanon, 56% say they follow the hadith and sunna at least a little, while just 24% say most Lebanese Muslims do the same. The difference in perceptions is also particularly large in Morocco (+26 percentage points), Iraq (+23), Egypt and the Palestinian territories (+21 each).
Conflict Between More and Less Religious Muslims
Despite the fact that many Muslims see themselves as more devout than other Muslims in their country, overall, few consider tensions between Muslims who are more religious and those who are less religious to be a very big problem in their country. Fewer than a third of Muslims in all 23 countries where the question was asked say these types of tensions are a pressing issue.
Concern About Sunni-Shia Conflict
In the seven countries where the question was asked, a minority of Muslims believe tensions between Sunni and Shia Muslims (the two main sects of Islam) are a very big problem in their country.
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