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For many centuries, the Brest harbour has attracted the lusts of invaders.

Photo #1 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

As early as the Middle Ages, protective posts were therefore set up on the coast to control its entry.

Photo #2 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

The most efficient of them is Bertheaume, a rocky islet located thirty metres from the shore in Plougonvelin.

In the 17th century, Vauban built a formidable fort there, which was used militarily until 1944.

Photo #3 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

37 metres high, the fort of Bertheaume was built around 1690, at the request of Louis XIV, to protect Brest during the war of the Augsburg League.

Photo #4 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

Vauban then installed three guns and two mortars on the upper platform of the islet to control Bertheaume Cove, where all ships entering or leaving Brest harbour still pass today.

Photo #5 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

Wise decision: in June 1694, an English fleet attacked, but was greeted by a flood of bombs from the fort, which was enough to repel it.

Photo #6 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola
Photo #7 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

Bertheaume's usefulness was no longer in doubt, and Vauban's successors continued his work in the 18th and 19th centuries.

Photo #8 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

Barracks, powder magazines and a surrounding wall were first installed before the fort, then only accessible at low tide, was equipped with a footbridge in 1835, then with casemates some fifty years later.

Photo #9 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

These improvements unfortunately turned against local interests, since German troops made Bertheaume, from 1940 to 1944, one of their points of support at the Atlantic Wall.

Photo #10 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

The liberation of the islet in September 1944 marked the end of its military use: it remained abandoned for more than forty years before being bought back in 1990 by the municipality of Plougonvelin,

Photo #11 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

which opened it to visitors and regularly organised exhibitions and sound and light shows retracing its history.

Photo #12 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

Two zip lines and a climbing course have even been set up on the site: an opportunity to combine history and adventure!

Photo #13 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola
Photo #14 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola
Photo #15 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-08 14:46 for Sola

Pictures taken by me on july 2016

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France, Roggenhouse
7 comments
Escape
Interesting and great pictures as always
5
artisto
Is that a very steep stair? It makes me dizzy only by looking at the photo
10
Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥Author
For the underground it's 45° but there are worse things
20
Gwenn ❓
Pro Creator
Super intéressant ! 🤗
10
Viqueen
Interesting that there is a city nsmed Brest in Belarus as well, and it's also got forts and was a major place of fighting in WWII.
10
Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥Author
And also that the Treaty of Brest-Litvosk was signed, ending the war between Russians and Germans in 1917
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