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The Château de Ferrette is one of the oldest in Alsace.

Photo #1 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

It was first mentioned in 1100 and was one of the main possessions of the Counts of Ferrette, a dynasty that was formed by sharing the heritage of the Lorraine Counts of Bar and Mousson.

Photo #2 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

Seven Counts of Ferrette succeeded each other. After the death of the last count, the county passed to the house of Austria through the marriage of Jeanne de Ferrette to Duke Albert II of Habsburg in 1324. The castle then became the residence of an Austrian bailiff.

Photo #3 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

The castle is composed of two parts:

Photo #4 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

the oldest upper castle, consists of a residential tower carved in limestone and on several levels, one of the first of its kind in Alsace.

Photo #5 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

the lower castle has several round towers open to the gorge and equipped with fire hydrants.

Photo #6 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

The castle of Ferrette is mentioned for the first time in 1100, when it belongs to the Counts of Mousson and Bar; however, the site seems to have been occupied since the Neolithic period according to tools found on site; traces of Roman presence are also supposed.

Photo #7 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

After the definitive sharing of the inheritance of Thierry de Bar, one of his sons, Frederic founded the most powerful territorial lordship of southern Alsace, took the title of Count of Ferrette and settled in the castle which became his family's residence.

Photo #8 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

In 1271 the Count sold his seigneury and castles to the Bishop of Basel and took them back as a fiefdom.

Photo #9 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

In 1324, through the marriage of Jeanne de Ferrette and Albert II of Habsburg, it fell with the whole county to the house of Austria and lost its importance to become the residence of a seigneurial bailiff.

Photo #10 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

Later, it was given as a fief-engagère to various nobility and from 1510 to 1567, the Fuggers had fortification work carried out there.

Photo #11 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

The two parts of the castle were connected to form a homogeneous whole, adapted to the new military techniques.

Photo #12 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

Occupied by the Swedes during the Thirty Years' War, the castle was stormed by the revolted peasants of Upper Sundgau, and the commander of the square, Erlach, died there. The French set fire to and permanently ruined the upper castle in 1635.

Photo #13 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

Under French royalty, the lower castle continued to serve as a bailiff's residence. Louis XIV donated it, along with other possessions, to Cardinal Mazarin.

Photo #14 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

In 1667, the building was no more than an uninhabitable and difficult to access farmhouse, and even the water had to be carried, the well being partially filled.

Photo #15 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

Only one main building, reserved for the bailiff and the receiver, remained occupied.

Photo #16 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

At the beginning of the Revolution, on the night of 29 to 30 July 1789, the lower castle was burned down and definitively ruined by a band of insurgents from the Saint-Amarin valley.

Photo #17 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

The ruin is currently private property, but the town of Ferrette holds a long-term lease.

Photo #18 from Roggenhouse, France by Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥 made on 2019-02-10 09:54 for Sola

Pictures taken by me on november 2017

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5 comments
Freistaat
You are definitely our Master of History!
5
Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥Author
It will be my future job
Freistaat
LordDespe ⚡🗡️⚡, are you serious? I think it would be an excellent choice!
Belegorth⚡🗡️🔥Author
I'm serious, I don't know what job but I will be make an history or archeology licence
Freistaat
LordDespe ⚡🗡️⚡, that’s a phantastic idea!
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